Navy has initiated a number of steps to develop skill sets of retiring personnel.
Directorate of Ex Servicemen Affairs
1. India Navy imparts a high standard of training to its personnel. At the time of retirement most sailors have completed over 1 ½ years of formal professional training and have 15 years or more of professional experience.
2. However, these skills are not recognised by organisations outside the Navy. This results in naval veterans taking up employment not matching their skill sets and pursuing jobs that require starting from basic level.
3. In order to meet the demand for skilled workforce the GoI has launched ‘Skill India Mission’ with an aim to produce a 40 crore skilled workforce by 2018. As a part of the mission the GoI has also instituted the ‘National Skills Qualification Framework’ (NSQF). The NSQF is a competency based framework formulated by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship which defines the level of knowledge, skill and aptitude to carry out a particular job. From 2018 onwards the recruitment rules of GoI and PSUs of central government shall be amended to define eligibility criteria for all positions in terms of NSQF
4. To safeguard the interests of our retiring personnel, a MoU has been signed between Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in Jun 15 to facilitate skill certification and augment employment opportunities for ESMs.
5. Implementation of the scheme from MSDE has been apportioned to National Skill Development Council. NSDC has prepared a council of all the stakeholders in skilling. These councils are divided in accordance to the industry that they represent and are called ‘Sector Skill Council’. Each council has representation from the following:-
(a) Industry Associations.
(b) Training Providers.
(c) Ministry of Medium Small and Micro Enterprise.
(d) NSDC nominee
(e) Business Leaders and Industry Reps.
(f) Government representation.
6. Each SSC then describes the job roles in their respective sector and drafts out in detail the requirements that are to be met to undertake any job in that sector. The training partners thereafter, impart this training and qualify candidates for the performance of such duties. Due to the experience and competency that has been gained by retiring naval sailors at the time of their retirement they are ideally suited for carrying out training on these professional skills or assessing the training carried out by others.
Measures carried out by IN
7. Recognition of Prior Learning. The GoI, NSDC and SSC recognise the training which has been imparted by the Navy as well as the professional acumen which the sailor has gained during his naval career. Giving due regard to this a naval sailor does not have to undergo the complete training which is required for certification and is only trained on those aspects which may be in addition to the training imparted in the Navy. This is called ‘Recognition of Prior Learning’.
8. Skill Mapping.
Skill mapping of retiring personnel is to identify the skills learnt by a naval personnel during his career and equate it to jobs he is equipped to perform in the civil industry. A major exercise was carried out in the month of May 16 in which all training schools in the Navy compared the curriculum of the courses run by them to the National Occupation Standard or the job profiles which are available in the industry. A total of 159 courses were mapped to 258 jobs. The gap in training for each course has also been identified.
9. Skill Training. It is intended to carry out the ‘gap training’ at parent school of the retiring sailor. As the retiring sailors are ideally suited for carrying out training as well as assessment, it is planned to give additional training to them for carrying out these job roles also. Pilot batch skill training has been conducted in the months of Aug/Sep 16. Lessons learnt from this experience would form the basis of formulation of ‘way ahead’ for pan -Navy application.
10. Skill Certification.
On successful completion of this gap training the sailor would get a certificate from the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. As the standards which are required to be met have been defined by the industry and issued by the Government this certificate would subsequently enhance the job prospects of retiring sailors.
11. To summarise, ‘Skill Certification’ provides following benefits to naval personnel:-
(a) Enhancement and recognition of skills learnt in Navy
(b) Certification standards defined by industry
(c) Certificate issued by Govt of India
(d) Directly leads to employment both in govt / private jobs as well as self -employment as Trainer / Assessor (e) Can lead to international job opportunities
(f) No expenditure by individual (met by government)