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Ranking of Higher Educational Institution: Guidelines and parameters

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT LOK SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO 226 ANSWERED ON 23.07.2014 RANKING OF HIGHER EDUCATION

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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

LOK SABHA

STARRED QUESTION NO 226

ANSWERED ON 23.07.2014

RANKING OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

226 . Shri RAJIV PRATAP RUDY
Will the Minister of HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT be pleased to state:-
(a) whether the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has developed guidelines and parameters for ranking of higher educational institutions and if so, the details thereof;
(b) whether the Government proposes to give reasonable degree of weightage to research conducted by the Universities/ Institutions;
(c) if so, the details thereof including the initiatives taken / being taken by the Government in this regard;
(d) the details of the fields of research undertaken in various Central Universities / Institutions in the country; and
(e) the funds allocated / released to these Universities / Institutions for research and development during each of the last three years and the current year, University-wise?

ANSWER
MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (SMT. SMRITI ZUBIN IRANI)
(a): No, Madam. However, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has reported that it has developed, after wide consultations, 50 indicators, assimilated into seven criteria, as Quality Benchmarks for accreditation of Universities.
(b) & (c): Yes, Madam. The NAAC has revised its assessment and accreditation tools, which is effective from April 2012. The revised tools have considerable increase of weightage for Research for Universities and Colleges.
Further, the augmentation of research and development infrastructure in the university system is an ongoing endeavour. Rapid changes in scientific and technical fields, the information technology revolution and the process of globalisation pose challenges that require continuous upgradation of research facilities. Different universities are differently endowed with such infrastructure. The Central Government has constituted an 18 member committee under the chairmanship of Prof. KVijay Raghavan to drive up the research performance of academic institutions in the country to improve ranking of Indian universities.
The committee has had one meeting. The Government has taken various measures for the promotion and growth of research in the country. In scientific areas, these include the continuous increase in successive plan allocations for scientific departments, the setting up of new institutions for science education and research, the creation of centres of excellence and facilities in emerging and frontline areas in academic and national institutes, the establishment of new and attractive fellowships, of strengthening of the infrastructure of Research & Development (R&D) in universities, encouraging public- private R&D partnerships, the recognition of R&D units and national awards for outstanding R&D for industries etc.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) had set up a Task Force for rejuvenation of Basic Scientific Research in Indian Universities under the Chairmanship of Prof. M.M. Sharma, which has now been converted into an Empowered Committee to implement the recommendations of the Task Force.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has been providing financial assistance under its University with Potential for Excellence (UPE)/ Colleges with Potential for Excellence (CPE) scheme to selected Universities and Colleges, respectively, to achieve excellence in teaching and research. Four Central Universities are receiving grants under the UPE scheme.
The UGC also provides grants under Special Assistance Programme (SAP) to university departments to put in place facilities to accelerate research in the country. The UGC is continually taking steps to encourage students to undertake research work. It has started the following schemes for promoting research work in universities: Infrastructure grants to Centre of Advance of Study (CAS)/ Departmental Special Assistance (DSA)/ Departmental Research Support (DRS/Non- Departments), Infrastructure grants to College with Potential for Excellence / Autonomous Colleges, Minor and Major Research Projects, Infrastructure to National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) Accredited Colleges, Networking Resources Centre, Dr. D.S Kothari Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Research Fellowship in Sciences for Meritorious Students, Basic Scientific Research etc. In addition, the UGC is providing fellowships to those candidates who have qualified the UGC National Eligibility Test(NET)/ UGC- Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) NET. The MHRD is also funding research in the Social Sciences and Humanities through its various research councils, viz., the Indian Institute of Advanced Study (lIAS), the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), the Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR), the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) and the National Council of Rural Institutes (NCRI).
The new Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) also focuses on research, innovation and quality improvement in the state universities.
(d): The Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET), an Inter University Centre (IUC) under the UGC, has reported that there are 150 areas in which research has been undertaken in 37 Central Universities. Details are at Annexure-I. Details regarding other Central Universities are not available with it.
(e): The details of development grants released by the UGC to the Central Universities, year wise and University-wise, during 11-12, 12-13, 13-14 and the current year are at Annexure –II. The UGC has also reported that in Central Universities, the UGC has initiated a scheme called Non-NET fellowship for M.Phil/Ph.D students to promote research. During the XI Plan, Central Universities have incurred an expenditure amounting to Rs. 23,721.95 lakhs towards 8,872 M.Phil and 37,735 Ph.D fellowships. During the XII Plan Central Universities have incurred an expenditure amounting to Rs. 15,364.53 lakhs towards 5,981 M.Phil and 14,648 Ph.D fellowships during first two years of XII Plan.
The details of grants released during the year 2012-13 and 2013-14 by the Central Government, under the Scheme of “Centre of Excellence in Frontier Areas of Science and Technology(FAST)”, to Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs) and other institutions are at Annexure III.
ANNEXURE-I 
Sl. No. Areas of Research in Central Universities (reported by INFLIBNET)
1 Chemistry
2 Physics
3 Materials science
4 Biochemistry/ Molecular Biology
5 Engineering
6 Science & Technology other topics
7 Pharmacology/ Pharmacy
8 Mathematics
9 Environmental Sciences / Ecology
10 Biotechnology/ Applied Microbiology
11 Plant Sciences
12 Microbiology
13 Computer Science
14 Agriculture
15 Business Economics
16 Biophysics
17 Astronomy/ Astrophysics
18 Optics
19 Polymer Science
20 Geology
21 Crystallography
22 Toxicology
23 Genetics/ Heredity
24 Cell Biology
25 Life Sciences/Biomedicine/ Other topics
26 Immunology
27 Research- Experimental Medicine
28 Spectroscopy
29 Energy- Fuels
30 Infectious Diseases
31 Food Science & Technology
32 Neurosciences/ Neurology
33 Water Resources
34 Instruments/ Intrumentation
35 Oncology
36 Zoology
37 Public /Environmental Occupational Health
38 Metallurgy/ Metallurgical Engineering
39 Electrochemistry
40 Parasitology
41 Mechanics
42 General Internal Medicine
43 Nuclear Science & Technology
44 Endocrinology/ Metabolism
45 Operations Research/ Management Science
46 Tropical Medicine
47 Psychology
48 Veterinary Sciences
49 Marine Freshwater Biology
50 Gatroenterology/ Hepatology
51 Respiratory System
52 Nutrition/ Dietics
53 Anthropology
54 Entomology
55 Dermatology
56 Public Administration
57 Surgery
58 History
59 Thermodynamics
60 Geochemistry/ Geophysics
61 Meteorology/ Atmospheric Sciences
62 Government Law
63 Virology
64 Pediatrics
65 Sociology
66 Pathology
67 Medical Laboratory Technology
68 Integrative / Complementary Medicine
69 Cardiovascular System/ Cardiology
70 Telecommunications
71 Fisheries
72 Mathematical Computational Biology
73 Physiology
74 Social Sciences- Other Topics
75 Health Care Sciences/ Services
76 Education/ Educational Research
77 Reproductive Biology
78 Radiology/ Nuclear Medicine/ Medical Imaging
79 Mycology
80 Area Studies
81 Literature
82 Forestry
83 Evolutionary Biology
84 Developmental Biology
85 Asian Studies
86 Women Studies
87 Obstetrics/ Gynaecology
88 Microscopy
89 Ophthalmology
90 Arts/ Humanities- Other Topics
91 Psychiatry
92 Urology/ Nephrology
93 International Relations
94 Haematology
95 Remote Sensing
96 Allergy
97 Dentistry/ Oral Surgery/ Medicine
98 Physical Geography
99 Automation/ Control Systems
100 Construction/ Building Technology
101 Biodiversity Conservation
102 Geriatrics/ Gerontology
103 Mathematical Methods in Social Sciences
104 Anatomy/ Morphology
105 Orthopaedics
106 Cultural Studies
107 Palaeontology
108 Oceanography
109 Linguistics
110 Information Science/ Library Science
111 Imaging Science & Photographic Technology
112 Philosophy
113 Biomedical Social Sciences
114 Behavioural Sciences
115 Legal Medicine
116 Otorhinolaryngology
117 Mineralogy
118 Geography
119 Rehabilitation
120 Film/ Radio/Television
121 Communication
122 Acoustics
123 Urban Studies
124 Social Work
125 Demography
126 Anaesthology
127 Transportation
128 Rheumatology
129 Theatre
130 Mining / Mineral Processing
131 Substance Abuse
132 Religion
133 History- Philosophy of Science
134 Family Studies
135 Architecture
136 Sport Sciences
137 Emergency Medicine
138 Social Issues
139 Robotics
140 Ethnic Studies
141 Transplantation
142 Criminology Penology
143 Archaeology
144 Nursing
145 Medical Informatics
146 Medical Ethics
147 Audiology/ Speech (Language) Pathology
148 Music
149 Dance
150 Art

Names of Central Universities referred to in Annexure – I

SI.No. Name of University
01. University of Delhi
02. Jawaharlal Nehru University
03. Aligarh Muslim University
04. Pondicherry University
05. University of Hyderabad
06. North Eastern Hill University
07. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
08. Assam University
09. Tezpur University
10. Visva Bharati
11. Nagaland University
12. Jamia Millia Islamia
13. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University
14. Manipur University
15. Mizoram University
16. Rajiv Gandhi University
17. Sikkim University
18. Tripura University
19. Indira Gandhi National Tribal University
20. Central University of Bihar
21. Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya
22. Central University of Gujarat
23. Central University of Haryana
24. Central University of Himachal Pradesh
25. Central University of Kashmir
26. Central University of Jharkhand
27. Central University of Karnataka
28. Central University of Kerala
29. Dr. Harisingh Gaur Vishwa Vidyalaya
30. Central University of Orissa
31. Central University of Punjab
32. Central University of Tamil Nadu
33. Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University
34. Central University of Jammu
35. Maulana Azad National Urdu University
36. Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya * Hindi Vishwavidyalaya
37. The English and Foreign Languages University

ANNEXURE -II 

Development Grants released by UGC to Central Universities during last three years & current year, under Plan Head

(Rs. in lakhs) 

Sl. No. Name of State/ Union-Territory Name of Central University Grant Released
2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
(as on date)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
NON-NER CENTRAL UNIVERSITIES
1 ANDHRA PRADESH M.A.N. URDU UNIVERSITY 1720.00 5112.50 7000.00 0
2 UNIVERSITY OF HYDERABAD 8033.11 8175.00 4350.00 0
3 THE ENGLISH & FOREIGN LANGUAGES UNIVERSITY 2500.00 4700.00 2328.00 0
4 CHHATTISGARH GURU GHASIDAS VISHWAVIDYALAYA 6060.00 7100.00 2500.00 0
5a DELHI UNIVERSITY O F DELHI 21800.00 8927.40 31566.00 0
b UCMS 1986.94 1500.00 4650.00 2070.00
6 JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA 6394.00 8355.00 7659.50 4800.00
7 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU UNIVERSITY 9253.05 2100.00 4425.00 0
8 MADHYA PRADESH DR. HARISINGH GOUR VISHWAVIDYAYALA. 6946.96 1575.00 6972.39 0
9 INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL TRIBAL UNIVERSITY 9502.00 11075.00 9000.00 0
10 MAHARASHTRA M.G.A. HINDI VISHWAVIDYALAYA 3915.50 4250.00 2000.00 0
11 PUDUCHERRY PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY 6984.48 7275.00 4500.00 0
12 UTTARAKHAND H.N.B. GARHWAL UNIVERSITY 9180.82 6350.00 5999.50 1000.00
13 UTTAR PRADESH ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY 3420.00 13559.66 11532.14 0
14 BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY 8009.00 14166.73 14575.00 0
15 B.B.A.U. 5987.00 4843.72 3690.00 0
16 UNIVERSITY OF ALLAHABAD 5055.74 2020.00 2520.00 0
17 WEST BENGAL VISVA BHARATI 6501.40 525.00 5544.00 0
TOTAL (I) (NON-NER CENTRAL UNIVS) 123250.00 111610.01 130811.53 7870.00
NEW CENTRAL UNIVERSITIES
18 BIHAR C.U. OF BIHAR 0 2030.00 8718.00 0
19 GUJARAT C.U. OF GUJARAT 3000.00 3175.00 3546.47 0
20 HARYANA C.U. OF HARYANA 4400.00 2565.00 11000.00 0
21 HIMACHAL PRADESH C.U. OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 1000.00 2575.00 525.00 0
22 JAMMU & KASHMIR C.U. OF JAMMU 1150.00 3037.50 7500.00 5000.00
23 C.U. OF KASHMIR 0 781.25 3000.00 0
24 JHARKHAND C.U. OF JHARKHAND 4900.00 5075.00 7950.00 1000.00
25 KARNATAKA C.U. OF KARNATAKA 10000.00 2575.00 0 0
26 KERALA C.U. OF KERALA 2500.00 5375.00 3625.00 0
27 ORISSA C.U. OF ORISSA 3500.00 2531.25 525.00 0
28 PUNJAB C.U. OF PUNJAB 2500.00 3075.00 5989.00 0
29 RAJASTHAN C.U. OF RAJASTHAN 10700.00 11031.25 11500.00 5580.94
30 TAMIL NADU C.U. OF TAMIL NADU 9800.00 10031.25 6000.00 0
TOTAL-II (NEW CUs) 53450.00 53857.50 69878.47 11580.94
TOTAL (I + II) 176700.00 165467.51 200690.00 19450.94
NER CENTRAL UNIVERSITIES
31 ASSAM ASSAM UNIVERSITY 3695.00 4372.50 500.75 0
32 TEZPUR UNIVERSITY 6300.53 7718.39 3191.25 0
33 ARUNACHAL PRADESH RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY 1375.00 4006.25 1993.75 0
34 MANIPUR MANIPUR UNIVERSITY 3496.69 5272.50 2000.00 0
35 MEGHALAYA NORTH EASTERN HILL UNIV. 3960.00 1132.00 3525.00 0
36 MIZORAM MIZORAM UNIVERSITY 4213.14 6758.75 2100.00 0
37 NAGALAND NAGALAND UNIVERSITY 2625.00 678.75 1689.25 0
38 SIKKIM SIKKIM UNIVERSITY 2000.00 5672.50 4000.00 0
39 TRIPURA TRIPURA UNIVERSITY 2225.00 1840.00 3000.00 0
TOTAL (III) (NER) 29890.36 37451.64 22000.00 0
GRAND TOTAL (I+II+III) 206590.36 202919.15 222690.00 19450.94

Annexure – III

Grants Released during the year 2012-13 and 2013-14 under Centre of Excellence in Frontier Areas of Science and Technology (FAST)

SI.No. Name of the Institutions & Grade Thematic Areas Grants Released 2012-13 (Rs. In lac.) Grants Released 2013-14 (Rs. In lac.) Total (Rs. In lac.)
01. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore A+ Bimolecular Interaction Studies 100.00 100.00
02. International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad –A+ Signals Processing 5.00 100.00 105.00
03. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras A+ Nonintrusive Diagnostics 5.00 100.00 105.00
04. Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi A+ Nanoscale Devices & Systems 100.00 100.00
05. Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Science, Lucknow – A+ Bio-medical Science & Modern Biology 100.00 100.00
06. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur- A+ Advanced Computer Research 5.00 100.00 105.00
07. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata – A+ Computational Space Science 100.00 100.00
08. National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala – A Transportation Research 100.00 100.00
09. National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli – A Transportation 100.00 100.00
10. National Institute of Technology, Rourkela – A Tissue Engineering 100.00 100.00
11. Amirta Vishwavidyapeetham University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu – A Advanced Material Green Technologies 100.00 100.00
12. Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu –A Manufacturing Science 100.00 100.00
13. Anna University, Chennai –A Bio – Medical Applications 100.00 100.00
14. Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu – A Energy & Environment 100.00 100.00
15. Thiagararjar College, Madurai – A Bio-resource Management 100.00 100.00
16. Centre for Bioinformatics, Karyavattom Campus, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala – A Computational Drug Discovery 100.00 100.00
1615.00

Source of Annexure: http://164.100.47.132/Annexture_New/lsq16/2/as226.htm

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