HomeSeventh Pay Commission

Assessment of the recommendation of 7th CPC by INDWF



MINIMUM PAY: Though the Commission claims to have adopted Dr. Aykroyd formula in calculating minimum wages, the rates of commodities based on which the recommendations of the commission is made is significantly deviating from the rates mentioned in the National Council JCM proposal. The JCM proposal in this regard should be reiterated. A comparison between existing and proposed VII CPC minimum pay is given below. The retrograde nature of the commission’s recommendation in this regard can by understood by this table.

Click to view: Determination of Minimum Pay by 7th CPC

Basic Pay
Transport Allowance
(with HRA)
NPS deduction
CGEGIS deduction
Total Deductions
Net Pay after deductions
(with HRA)
Net Pay after deductions
(without HRA)
From the above picture, it is clear that the VII CPC recommendations are not giving fair wages and the total pay increase is meagre for next 10 years. Therefore, the minimum pay needs to be increased accepting the proposal of National Council JCM.

NEW PAY STRUCTURE: The present system oi pay bands and grade pay has been dispersed with and a new pay matrix has been recommended. The New system is an extension of the system of Pay Scales, albeit, with a progressive Increment oi 3% instead of fixed Increments. Unlike VI CFC, Minimum pay fixed on promotion is at par with the initial pay fixed for direct reams in the some grade. However, the rotation benefits on promotion, particularly from Level 2 to 3, Level 3 to 4 & level 4 to 5 is significantly less compared to VI CPC Pay Structure. The National Council JCM demand of fixation benefit of two increments should be reiterated or at least 5% should be ensured. A comparison of the Promotion benefit for the employees after 10 years of service in their respective grades is given below. [Click to view Pay Structure (Civilian Employees) by 7th CPC]

Existing benefit on Promotion
% to VI CPC Basic Pay
Benefit proposed by 7th CPC
% to VII CPC Basic Pay

Fitment: The fitment of the pay in the new pay structure is recommended at 2-57 times of the Basic Pay drawn, which has been arrived based on the Minimum Pay of VI CPC and the proposed Minimum Pay by VII CPC. The NC JCM proposal of Minimum Pay and Fitment ratio should be reiterated.

ANNUAL INCREMENT: The rate of annual increment is being retained at 3 percent. The Demand of 5% should be reiterated. Further, it is seen in the Pay Matrix recommended by the commission the increment is below 3% in certain stages. It appears that the commission has rounded the value to the nearest 100. It is demanded that at least 5% increment can be ensured. 

MODIFIED ASSURED CAREER PROGRESS (MACP): The continual of upgradations in 10, 20 and 30 years is disappointing and improvement as demanded by NC JCM should be reiterated. The demand of granting MACP upgradations in the promotion hierarchy has been recommended. implementation of the same is to be ensured. The retrograde recommendations of enhancing the benchmark for MACP has been ‘Good’ to “Very Good‘ and withholding of annual increments in the case of those employees who are not able to meet the benchmark either for MACP or a regular promotion within the first 20 years of their service is to be withdrawn totally.

CADRE REVIEW: The Commission has recommended a new system, supposedly to hasten the process of cadre reviews and reduce the time taken in inter-ministerial consultations. It may he demanded that as soon as the concerned department finalises a proposal in consultation with representative members from the DoP&T and the Dept. of Expenditure. a provisional recruitment rule may be published with the assent of the President of India (excluding any increase or decrease in the total number of posts in the cadre) such that the provisional Rule satisfies statutory requirements. Thereafter, the concerned departments at the cadre rem committee may asses the proposal in detail and initiate proceedings for a permanent recruitment rule.


1. Canteen Staff: Status quo is recommended. The Vendors, Cooks etc. are dead end posts and there is no career progression provision other than MACP. The Commission has ignored these concerns. Specific cadres have to be identified for all such dead end posts for ensuing career progression through promotion as applicable to similarly placed cadres.

2. Drivers: The Commission has refused to recommend any changes in the cadre structure. It may be demanded that at least Drivers who have completed 55 years of age and in the Special Grade holding Rs. 4200 GP may be allowed transfer to any other administrative grade such as Chargeman (NT), OS etc.

3. Fire-fighting Staff: The Commission has recommended for drafting of Model Recruitment Rates for the Fire-fighting Staff of all Central Government Departments and pay with similar designation and pay structure. It has to he demanded that the same may be taken up in a time bound manner.

4. DURWANS In Ordnance Factories Durwans are performing the duties to Security Personnel inside and outside the Factory. Earlier they were in 3 grade such as Durwans, Jemadar Durwans and Subedar Durwans in the following scales of V CPC Rs.2550, 2660 & 2750 respectively. VI CPC merged in one grade t.e.. Rs.1800/- Grade Pay. Subedar Durwans were considered for MACP-3 into Rs.4600/- Grade Pay as per Promotional hierarchy of ACP. There were no specific recommendations on Durwans. Therefore, they should be granted 3 Grade i.e.. Rs.1800/-, 1900/- & 2400/- Grade Pay and accordingly the revised proposed pay should be recommended.

5. STOREKEEPING STAFF: Since the educations quantum has been enhanced from 10 std to 12 Std. the minimum scale should be Rs.2400/- Grade Pay and accordingly, the revised pay in the VII CPC should be fixed.
6. Pharmacist: The Pharmacists have been demanding upgradation of their Pay based on the entry qualification, which is higher than that of Radiographer, MRI Technicians, Dental Hygienists etc. but with lower pay. A comparison of the entry qualification of similar para medical staff and their pay is given below.  The Pharmacists clearly possess higher qualification and perform various jobs with higher responsibilities.  They are eligible for level 7 pay (GP 4600).

Entrance Qualification to Course
Duration of technical qualification
Total years of study
Present Grade Pay in Rupees
Recommendations of the VII CPC
Dental Hygienists
2 years
14 years
Level 6
2 years
14 years
Level 6
MRI Technicians
2 years
14 years
Level 6
Jr. Engineers (Overseers)
3 years
13 years
Level 6
2 years
3 months
14.25 years
Level 5
7. Workshop Staff: The Demand of the NJCA to upgade the pay of semi-skilled workers from GP Rs.1800 to Rs.1900 and consequent upgradations of other higher posts have been rejected by the commission on the grounds that VI CPC has stated that the posts of Skilled and Highly Skilled workers have an established relativity with the pasts of LDCs and UDC’s respectively and had recommended retention of this relativity. This is an erroneous argument since one can never equate the qualifications, skill level etc. required for these posts. A Semi-Skilled worker is paid at least the pay of an LDC and the Skilled & Highly Skilled workmen paid correspondingly higher Pay.  The HS II & I grade has to be merged and should be treated as a feeder grade for Chargeman.

The commission has also further misguided the Government that Mastercraftsman is a feeder post of Chargeman.  As per the SRO of Chargeman, its feeder grade is Highly Skilled Grade I, failing which Highly Skilled Grade II.  The Mastercraftsman grade was created during the 3rd CPC preriod equivalent to the Chargeman post to avoid loss of skilled workmen.  This whole History has been conveniently ignored by the Commission.

Note: With regard to Fire-fighting Staff and Workshop Staff it may be demanded that sub-committee of the National council JCM may be intituted to study the demands and finalise the pay structure of these cadres within three months.
1. HRA:
Reduction of the percentage of HRA for X,Y,Z classified cities from 30, 20, 10 to 24, 16, 8 to be withdrawn and atleast the existing percentage should be retained.

2.  Risk Allownace:

The commission has wrongly understood that the Risk Allowance paid at present is only Rs.60/-.  Risk Allowance is at present paid @ Rs 120/- per month to compensate employees for performing work involving serious health hazards, which might also lead to the death of the employee. Risk Allowance should be retained and included in at least R2H3 cell of the Risk and Hardship Index.

The commission has rejected any increase in Transport Allowance and has only recommended a merger of DA component with the Allowance.  The ground that since TA is fully indexed with DA for refusing any increase is illogical.  By extending the same logic, it can be said that since the Pay of employees are fully indexed to the consumer prices by way of grant of DA, there is no requirement of pay commission.  Attempts may be made to reduce the slabs from the present three to two, i.e. one slab for level 8 & below and another for Level 9 and above.  In this regard, 1.5 times increase in the existing TA may be demanded as given below.
Pay Level
Higher TPTA cities
Other Places
Level 9 & above
10800 + DA
5400 + DA
Level 2 & 3
5400 + DA
2700 + DA
Level 1 & 2
2700 + DA
1350 + DA
4. Children Education Allowance: The recommendation regarding simplification of procedures is welcome and implementation of the same may be ensured.  Extending the benefit of CEA upto graduate/Post Graduate and professional Courses to be taken up.

5. Dearness Allowance: There is no detail regarding the Base year for computing DA after 01.01.2006.  The Base year of 2001=100 to be taken up.

 6.  Family Planning Allowance: The commission has recommended abolition at the same. It against the govemment’s policy of two child norms. At least 3% of the minimum of the Pay Level corresponding to the grade occupied by the employee during the Family Planning procedure should be given. For example as per the recommended Pay of the commission. if an employee had undergone the procedure when he was in Highly Skilled grade (Level 5 – Minimum Pay Rs 29200/-), he should be eliglible for at least Rs. 900 (876 rounded to Rs. 900) as FPA. Double rate of FPA may be demanded for employees undergoing the procedure after one chid.

7. Fixed Medical Allowance: Status quo has been recommended by the commission for Fixed Medical Allowance. This allowance ts an optional Allowance taken only when the Pensioner opts to forego facililties under CGHS. This allowance has to be increased to at least Rs. 2000/- per month as demanded.
8. Night Duty Allowance: The commission has recommended status quo. All Group ‘B’ Non-Gazetted & Group ‘C’ employees should be brought into the ambit of NDA without any ceiling of Basic pay for calculation of NBA.
The recommendation of the Commission to abolish all advances excluding HBA and Computer Advance is an unwelcome gesture. It is very dear that the commission was driven by an urge to curtail benefits of the employees without any application or mind. It can be seen that the commission has also abolished critical advances such as Medical Advance and LTC Advance without understanding their significance. All the advances have to be retained and fixed rate Advances should be increased by at least by 2 times. As an alternative, it may he demanded that a General Interest free Advance of as. 20,000/-. every year and a General Advance of Rs. 1,00,000/- with 9% interest every 5 years may be granted no all employees covering all reasons other than HBA.
About 52 types of advances have been abolished including Small Family Allowance which is an injustice.
With regard to HBA the Commission has recommended increase in the ceiling of HBA, which would only benefit employees in the Higher Pay Level. The construction costs have shyrocketed and the employees are compelled to seek loans from other financial institution at higher interests. While the cost ceiling recommended for any employee newly recruited in Level 1 is more than 24 lakhs, the ceiling in the Amount of Advance eligible for the employees at 34 times the Basic Pay is illogical. It may be demanded that the Amount of Advance payable for an employee be fixed based on the repaying capacity of the individual subject to his/her repaying capacity. Further. the loan may also be extended to purchase of plots even if construction is not planned immediately.

The retrograde recommendation of the commission to curtail pay for CCL by 20% during the second year is not in line with the CCL to the Women employees.  The status quo to be maintained, if no improvement is possible.
The recommendation of the commission to increase the monthly deduction, though the Insurance Amount has been substantially increased is problematic. When the monthly deduction is made compulsory, this further depreciates the take home pay, particularly for the Employees covered under the New Pension Scheme. Compulsory monthly deduction has to be reduced to not more than Rs. 150/- per month and a provision for an optional scheme on the lines of the recommendation of the commission may be introduced.

The recommendation of the commission to introduce Health Insurance should be opposed tooth and nail. The health of the Central Government cannot be left at the mercy of Insurance companies and the  machinations. The strengthening of the of existing CGHS and CSMA facilities is the need of the hour. The commission’s recommendations regarding empanelment under CGHS of Hospitals empanelled under CSMA and the extension of CGHS facilities to other cities is welcome. Further, it is seen that the rates prescribed for treatment under CGHS & CSMA are way below the prevailing market rates. It should be demanded that the same may be reviewed and brought at par with market rates and the same should be reviewed every 6 months to reflect the fluctuations in the market. 
More than 10 proposals were submitted before the commission on behalf of the employees. However, the commission rejected every proposal except parity between pre and post 7th CPC retirees, increasing the Gratuity ceiling from 10 to 20 lakhs, grant of death warmly at the role of 20 times monthly emoluments for employees dying in harness between 11 years and 20 years of service. Others demands has to be re-iterated. The recommendations regarding parity of pre and post 7th CPC retirees are welcome and implementation of the same should be ensured.
The demand of the NC JCM to scrap the Scheme has been rejected by the commission and it has recommended certain tinkering with the existing scheme. We have to continue to oppose the scheme in toto and demand to oppose the NPS should be applicable to all employees.  In the man time we have to forcefully demand that the pension and family pension which is eligible to employees appointed before 2004 should be ensured by the Government to all employees at present covered under NPS, whether NPS is in vogue or not. We need to fight with determination to achieve this.
The commission has recommended a Performance Related Pay on the lines of Performance Related Incentive Scheme recommended by VI CPC. While we cannot oppose the move of the Government to incentivize employees performing well the move to abolish PLB is not agreeable. PLB is equal to the Bonus paid under Payment of Bonus Act. Historically. Bonus is considered as deferred wages and not an incentive and a minimum Bonus is prescribed even for loss making companies under Bonus Act.  Any Incentive Scheme, which abolish the existing PLB, should be opposed tooth and nail.  Increasing/lifting bonus ceilings as demanded should be re-iterated.

General Secretary

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