Grant Notional Increment on 1st July of the retirement year: CAT Hyderabad Judgement in OA/021/431/2020 dated 8th July 2020 directing Railways
CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL
HYDERABAD, this the 8th day of July, 2020
Hon’ble Mr.Ashish Kalia, Judi. Member
Hon’ble Mr. B.V. Sudhakar, Admn. Member
1. A.V. Sridhar Rao, Group C
S/o A.J.Venkat Rao
Aged about 63 years,
Occ: Account Assistant (Retired)
O/o FA&CAO, PPO No.201770901001 13
R/o H.No.12-5-32/14/E, Vijayapuri
South Lallaguda, Secunderabad.
2. P. Krishna Reddy, S/o P.Subba Reddy
Aged about 65 years,
Occ: Account Assistant (Retired)
O/o FA&CAO, PPO No.201 57090100072
R/o H.No.18-453/1, Mallikarjuna Nagar
3. P. Uday Shankar, S/o P. Subba Rao
Aged about 61 years,
Occ: Sr. Account Assistant (Retired)
O/o FA&CAO, PPO No.20197090 100115
R/o H.No.12-11-1270, Boudha Nagar
4. Lingoti Aruna Devi, W/o L. Jagajeevan Ram
Aged about 62 years,
Oce: Account Assistant (Retired)
O/o FA&CAO, PPO No.N09001 180023
R/o Plot No.103, SR-112, Seetharam Nagar
5. V. Shafiullah, S/o V. Habibullah
Aged about 63 years,
Occ: Account Assistant (Retired)
Olo FA&CAO, PPO No.201 77090100116
R/o Flat No.301, MBS Residency, Saleem Nagar
(By Advocate: M.C.Jacob)
1. Union of India
Represented by the Secretary
Railway Board, Ministry of Railways of
Rail Bhavan, New Delhi.
2. The General Manager
South Central Railways, Rail Nilayam
3. The FA&CAO
South Central Railways, Rail Nilayam,
(By Advocate: Mr. V. Vinod Kumar, SC for Railways)
(perHon’ble Mr. B.V. Sudhakar, Admn. Member)
Through Video Conference
2. This OA is filed for grant of notional increment on 1st July after having retired from service on the 30th June of the relevant year.
3. Brief facts of the case are that the applicants retired from the respondents organization on 30th June of the corresponding year, as listed below:
|1||A.V. Sridhar Rao||Account Assistant||30.06.2017||01.07.2017|
|2||P.Krishna Reddy||Account Assistant||30.06.2015||01.07.2015|
|3||Lingoti Aruna Devi||Account Assistant||30.06.2018||01.07.2018|
|4||V. Shafiullah Account Assistant||Account Assistant||30.06.2017||01.07.2017|
The grievance of the applicants is that they were supposed to be granted increment on 1st of July of the retirement year, but it was not granted since they retired on 30th June of the relevant year. Aggrieved, the OA has been filed.
4. The contentions of the applicants are that the relief sought by the applicants in regard to the notional increment to be granted to them on the 1st July of the relevant year has already been decided by the superior judicial fora viz., the Hon’ble High Court of Madras in WP No. 15732/2017 vide order dt. 15.09.2017 and when the said order was challenged before the Hon’ble Supreme Court in SLP (Civil) Diary No. 22283/2018, the same was dismissed on 23.07.2018. Further, review petition filed by the department vide RP (C) No.1731/2019 was aiso dismissed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court on 08.08.2019. Applicants further contend that Ernakulam Bench of this Tribunal in OA No.1055/2018 & batch, vide order dt. 03.12.2019. granted relief following the order of the Hon’ble Madras High Court (supra). It is also contended that the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in WP (C) No. 10509/2019 allowed a similar relief following the judgment of the Hon’ble High Court of Madras (supra). The applicants, therefore, contend that, in view of the above orders of superior judicial fora, they are entitled for the relief sought.
5. Heard both sides and perused the material on record.
6. We have carefully gone through various orders referred to by the applicants. Hon’ble Ernakulam Bench of this Tribunal in OA No. 180/1055/2018 and batch, vide order dt. 03.12.2019, extended the same relief as sought by the applicants, with the following directions:
“…..The applicants shall be given one notional increment for the purpose of calculating the pensionary benefits and not for any other purpose as held by the tlon’ble Madras High Court in P. Ayyamperumal’s case (supra) upheld by the Hon ‘ble apex court. The respondents shall implement the order of this Tribunal within three months from the date of receipt of a copy of this order. There shall be no order as to costs.”
Hon’ble High Court of Delhi in W.P (C) 10509/2019 in Gopal Singh v U.O.I has also granted a similar relief on 23.01.2020, as under:
“10. Accordingly, the impugned order dated 3rd May, 2019 is set aside. A direction is issued to the Respondents to grant notional increment to the Petitioner with effect from Ist July, 2019. The Petitioner’s pension will consequentially be re-fixed….”
This Tribunal also granted similar relief in several OAs. One of them is OA No.1263/2018 wherein vide order dt.13.3.2020, while granting the similar relief, passed an elaborate order discussing the issue on hand threadbare. Concluding part of the Order of this Tribunal after discussing the judgments referred to above at length in about 27 pages, is extracted as under:
Increment, axiomatically, ts an integral and inseparable part of pay and as per the provisions of Rule 64 of the Receipt and Payment Rules, 1983, pay of a Government servant together with allowances becomes due and payable on the last working day of each month. Thus, the increment which accrued over 12 months becomes payable on the last working day of the month of June. Had the same been paid on that date, the last pay drawn would mean the pay with the increment for that year, whereas, since the pay was not disbursed on that day, the increment has not been taken into account while reckoning the last pay drawn. Last pay drawn is significant in view of the fact that all the terminal benefits and pension are calculated on the basis of last pay drawn. Non- disbursement of pay on the last working day of June of the year when the applicants superannuated is not on account of any of the fault of the applicants, As such, they cannot be penalized in this regard. The only possible way to right the wrong is to consider the increment due for the last year of service of the applicant as deemed one and the pay with increment is thus the deemed last pay. All the pensionary benefits are, therefore, to be calculated reckoning the deemed last pay as the basis and various pensionary benefits worked out accordingly and also revised PPO issued after revising the extent of pension and fixing the rate of family pension.
XXII) In view of the aforesaid discussion and decisions, the OA succeeds. It is declared that the applicants are entitled to reckon the increment due for the last year of their service before superannuation for the purpose of working out the last pay drawn and it is this revised pay that would form the basis for working out pension, family pension and pensionary benefits. Necessary orders including PPO shall be passedaccordingly within a period of three months from the date of receipt of certified copy of this order.
XXIV) As regards disbursement of arrears of pay for the last month of service as also the arrears of difference in pension, the Judgment of Hon’ble Apex Court in Union of India & OrsVs. Tarsem Singh’ has to be borne in mind and followed.
In order to maintain judicial discipline, orders of the higher judicial fora as well as the Coordinate Benches of this Tribunal have to be abided by. It is well settled that similarly placed employees are entitled to be granted similar relief, as held by the Hon’ble Supreme Count in its judgments viz., AmritLal Berry vs Collector Of Central Excise, (1975) 4 SCC 714; Inder Pal Yadav Vs. Union of India, 1985 (2) SCC 648; Uttaranchal Forest Rangers’ Assn (Direct Recruit) Vs. State of UP (2006) 10 SCC 346.
7. In the result, the respondents are directed to grant eligible relief to the applicants keeping in view the orders cited supra, with consequential benefits, within a period of 3 months from the date of receipt of this order. However, monetary relief like arrears, etc. payable to the applicants, shall be restricted for a period of 3 years prior to the date of filing of the OA as observed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in Union of India v Tarsem Singh cited supra. The OA is disposed of accordingly.
There shall be no order as to costs.
MY DATE OF SUPERANNUATION WAS ALSO ON 30 JULY 2012 AND I AM ALSO TO GET THE BENEFITS I AM REALLY THANKFUL TO ALL THE RETIREES WHO HAVE INTIAT3D THE CASE AND WON THE CASE MY HUMBLE THANKS TO ONE AND ALL .THANKS AGAIN.
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