Force Majeure Clause (FMC) for all construction/works contracts, goods and services contracts and PPP contracts with Government Agencies: Fin Min OM dated 13.05.2020
No. F. 18/4/2020-PPD
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Expenditure
Procurement Policy Division
North Block, New Delhi
New Delhi dated the 13th May, 2020
Subject: Force Majeure Clause (FMC)
Attention is invited to Department of Expenditure’s O.M. No. 18/4/2020-PPD dated 19th February, 2020 on the invocation of Force Majeure Clause (FMC). Vide the O.M., it was clarified that disruption of supply chains due to spread of Coronavirus will be covered under FMC which could be invoked, wherever considered appropriate, following the due procedure as stated in para 9.7.7. of the Manual on Procurement of Goods.
2. Subsequent to issuance of the above referred O.M., further disruptions have affected transportation, manufacturing and distribution of goods and services in the country . Limitations placed on the movement of men and material as per the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act 2005) and the respective State and UT governments from time to time have severely impaired the fulfilment of contractual obligations for supply of goods, works and consultancy services (including other services), and affected the volume of vehicular traffic.
3. Attention in this regard is invited to para 9.7.7 of the “Manual for Procurement of Goods 2017”, Para 6.4.2 of the “Manual for Procurement of Works 2019” and para 8.14.1 of the “Manual for Procurement of Consultancy and other Services 2017” issued by the Department of Expenditure. The above referred three Manuals recognize extraordinary events or circumstances beyond human control leading to delays in or non-fulfilment of contractual obligations. In a situation of such events happening, and after following due procedure, parties to the contract are allowed flexibility to invoke FMC following prescribed due procedure.
4. It is recognised that in view of the restrictions placed on the movement of goods, services and manpower on account of the lockdown situation prevailing overseas and in the country in terms of the guidelines issued by the MHA under the DM Act 2005 and the respective State and UT Governments , it may not be possible for the parties to the contract to fulfil contractual obligations . In respect of Public-private Partnership (PPP) concession contracts, a period of the contract may have become unremunerative. Therefore , after fulfilling due procedure and wherever applicable , parties to the contract may invoke FMC for all construction/works contracts , goods and serv ices contracts and PPP contracts with Government Agencies and in such event, date for completion of contractual obligations which had to be completed on or after 20th February 2020 shall stand extended for a period not less than three months and not more than six months without imposition of any cost or penalty on the contractor/concessionaire . Concession period in PPP contracts ending on or after 20th February 2020 shall be extended by not less than three and not more than six months. The period of extension (between three and six months) may be decided based on the specific circumstances of the case and the period for which performance was affected by the force majeure events.
5. It is clarified that invocation of FMC would be held valid only in a situation where the parties to the contract were not in default of the contractual obligations as on 19th February, 2020. It is further clarified that invocation of FMC does not absolve all non-performances of a party to the contract, but only in respect of such non-performance as is attributable to a lockdown situation or restrictions imposed under any Act or executive order of the Government/s on account of COVID-19 global pandemic. It may be noted that, subject to above stated, all contractual obligations shall revive on completion of the period.
Deputy Secretary to the Govt. of India