Guidelines of ILO regarding existing Labour Laws in India- Conventions, Recommendations and Protocols
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 171
ANSWERED ON: 14.09.2020
Guidelines of ILO regarding existing Labour Laws
Parbatbhai Savabhai Patel
Gitaben Vajesingbhai Rathva
Naranbhai Bhikhabhai Kachhadiya
Pradeep Kumar Singh
Jaswantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor
Will the Minister of
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT be pleased to state:-
(a)whether the Government has ratified the guidelines of ILO regarding existing labour laws in the country;
(b)if so, the details thereof and if not, the reasons therefor; and regarding existing
(c)the details of the action taken so far/current status regarding the ratification matter?
MINISTER OF STATE (IC) FOR LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
(SHRI SANTOSH KUMAR GANGWAR)
(a) to (c) Yes, India has ratified 47 Conventions out of total 190 Conventions of International Labour Organisation (ILO). In addition, 1 Protocol has been ratified.
The principal function of the ILO is to take care of the interests of the workers by means of setting up the international labour standards in the form of Conventions, Recommendations and Protocols which are discussed and adopted at the International Labour Conference of the ILO every year. ILO Conventions are international treaties, open for ratification by member countries. Ratification of an ILO Convention is a voluntary process. Once ratified, ILO Conventions create legally binding obligations on the member countries that ratify the particular Convention.
As per the policy of Government of India, ILO Conventions are ratified only when we are fully satisfied that the existing laws and practices are in full conformity with the provisions of the said Convention. The implementation of ratified ILO conventions is ensured by framing legislations and amending the existing laws in line with the provisions of the Conventions. As a result, every ratified Convention in India is either backed by a supporting legal or policy framework or is embedded in the Constitutional guidelines which are adhered to in practice.
The List of ILO Conventions ratified by India is attached as Annexure.